Joan Miró (1893-1983) was a renowned Catalan sculptor and painter, best known for his signature Surrealist and abstract style, which emerged out of the conflict between his fantastical, poetic impulses and the harsh reality of modern life. He initially attended both art and business school and worked as a clerk, but after suffering a nervous breakdown, he abandoned business to return to the study of art.
After attending Francesc Galí’s Escola d’Art in Barcelona from 1912 to 1915, he had his first solo show in 1918. He then traveled to Paris, where he met Picasso and associated with poets like Max Jacob, Tristan Tzara, and Pierre Reverdy, and also participated in the Dada movement. He joined the Surrealist movement in 1924, exhibiting solo at the Galerie Pierre, Paris, in 1925, and then together with the Surrealists later that year. As Miró continued to travel and experiment, he produced multiple collages, lithographs, etchings, and sculptures.
After exhibiting at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and creating a piece for the Paris World’s Fair, Miró held his first major museum retrospective at the MOMA in 1941. He then produced ceramics and began to concentrate on prints, working almost exclusively in these two mediums between 1954 and 1958. In 1959 and 1960, he returned to mural-sized paintings and sculptures. Additional retrospectives were held in the ’60s at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, and the Grand Palais, Paris. He died on December 25, 1983, in Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
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